skip navigation

Add your conference to our Justice Events calendar


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

  NCJ Number: NCJ 216641     Find in a Library
  Title: Assessment of the Preparedness of Large Retail Malls to Prevent and Respond to Terrorist Attack
  Document URL: PDF 
  Dataset URL: DATASET 1
  Author(s): Robert C. Davis ; Christopher Ortiz ; Robert Rowe ; Joseph Broz ; George Rigakos ; Pam Collins
  Corporate Author: Vera Institute of Justice
United States of America
  Date Published: 01/2006
  Page Count: 49
  Annotation: This study assessed whether large indoor shopping malls have become better prepared to respond to terrorist attacks since the attacks of September 11.
  Abstract: The assessment found that malls have taken some steps to improve security; however, security gaps remain. Recommendations are to conduct formal risk assessments that lead to the mitigation of known risks on a cost-benefit basis; develop and rehearse emergency response plans and involve stakeholders; standardize antiterrorism training courses; and enhance partnerships with the public sector. Most mall security staff receives several hours of antiterrorism training, and a large majority of mall security directors report that they have emergency management plans that define actions security staff should take in a disaster. Other than Buffer Zone Protection Program grants, however, very little money is being spent to upgrade mall security. Only a few States have changed their laws to require background checks and set minimum hiring standards or training for private security personnel. Risk assessments are rare; and emergency management plans are often developed without the participation of local first-responders or mall store-owners and their security staffs. Security drills, when done at all, are seldom rigorous or done with first-responders; and there are no clear standards for measuring their effectiveness. The study conducted surveys with State homeland security advisors to obtain their views on mall preparedness, as well as surveys of security directors of the Nation's largest indoor retail malls. Site visits to 10 malls were conducted in order to examine how they were addressing security preparedness and response to disasters. A State-by-State analysis of State laws focused on the regulation of the hiring and training of private security personnel. 17 tables and 5 figures
  Main Term(s): Domestic Preparedness
  Index Term(s): Security systems ; Counter-terrorism tactics ; Police-private police cooperation ; Security management ; Security standards ; Security training ; Security surveys ; Private security officer training ; Counter-terrorism training ; Retail business security ; NIJ final report
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 2003-IJ-CX-1017
  Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
  Type: Report (Study/Research)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.