skip navigation

Add your conference to our Justice Events calendar


NCJRS Celebrates National Library Week April 12-18

National Library Week

Started in 1958, National Library Week is a nationwide observance celebrated by all types of libraries - including the NCJRS Virtual Library. NCJRS invites you to explore the breadth and scope of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection and services. With more than 220,000 collection documents and 60,000 online resources, including all known Office of Justice Programs works, it is one of the world’s largest criminal justice special collections.

We encourage your Feedback. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Virtual Library and Abstracts Database, how you access the collection, and any ways we can improve our services.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database.

How to Obtain Documents
NCJ Number: NCJ 218556     Find in a Library
Title: Estimating the Flow of Illegal Drugs Through Ukraine, Final Conference Paper
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): Mary Layne
Corporate Author: Abt Associates, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 09/2001
Page Count: 6
  Annotation: This paper summarizes work done to create a preliminary heroin flow model in order to estimate the availability of illicit drugs at various points, in particular the Ukraine.
Abstract: Drug flow models attempt to estimate the availability of illicit drugs at various points: source countries, transit countries, and consuming countries. A sequential transition and reduction method is utilized. The model transitions availability at one stage to the next through conversions or reductions based on data from multiple sources. The model for the flow of heroin through Ukraine begins with unfinished poppy leaving Southwest Asia along three major exit corridors: (1) overland westward through Iran to Turkey; (2) north through Central Asia, then westward directly to Eastern Europe or Turkey and (3) south through Pakistan and westward by sea craft to United Arab Emirates for subsequent transport to Africa, the United States, and Europe. There are indications that between 70 to 80 percent of Southwest Asian heroin bound for Europe are transported overland via truck or rail car through Turkey, then north along the Balkan transit route. The Balkan route has expanded to include a northern and southern spur. Heroin shipped along the northern spur transits Ukraine and other northeastern European regions. With increased production of heroin in Afghanistan continuing and Iran continuing to crack down on smuggling, the potential for even more heroin transiting through Ukraine continues. Ukraine has become a significant conduit for Southwest Asian heroin bound for European markets. Ukraine has become a legitimate opiate producer in its own right, cultivating approximately 3000 new hectares of illicit poppy fields annually. After a brief discussion on the production, producing regions, and trafficking routes of heroin, this paper summarizes a preliminary heroin flow model through Ukraine.
Main Term(s): Drug smuggling
Index Term(s): Heroin ; Drug law offenses ; Controlled Substances ; Drug Manufacturing/Production ; Drug cartels ; Ukraine
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Sale Source: Abt Associates, Inc
55 Wheeler Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Conference Material
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: Downloaded on May 23, 7007.
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

* A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's web site is provided.