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NCJRS Celebrates National Library Week April 12-18

National Library Week

Started in 1958, National Library Week is a nationwide observance celebrated by all types of libraries - including the NCJRS Virtual Library. NCJRS invites you to explore the breadth and scope of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection and services. With more than 220,000 collection documents and 60,000 online resources, including all known Office of Justice Programs works, it is one of the world’s largest criminal justice special collections.

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NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database.

How to Obtain Documents
 
NCJ Number: NCJ 219743   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Disproportionate Minority Contact in the Juvenile Justice System: A Study of Differential Minority Arrest/Referral to Court in Three Cities
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): David Huizinga ; Terence P. Thornberry ; Kelly E. Knight ; Peter Lovegrove ; Rolf Loeber ; Karl Hill ; David P. Farrington
Date Published: 07/2007
Page Count: 52
  Annotation: Using information from three community studies of delinquency (Pittsburg, Rochester, and Seattle), this federally supported report examines disproportionate minority contact (DMC) and factors that might affect DMC at the police contact/court referral level.
Abstract: Based on the findings, three main conclusions were warranted. First, there was clear evidence of disproportionate minority contact (DMC). At all three sites it was found that a greater proportion of minorities were police contacted/court referred. Second, DMC could not be explained by differences in the offending behavior of different racial groups. This finding was held true for a measure of total offending and for violent and property offenses as well. Third, DMC was substantially reduced by considering the combined effect of a number of additional risk factors for arrest. It appears that multiple risk factors do a better job of explaining DMC than does delinquent behavior. The weight of the evidence suggests that the effect of race/ethnicity on the chance of being contacted/referred are reduced but remains significant when both offending and risk are controlled. The findings suggest some further directions for research to more fully understand DMC at the initial contact/arrest/referral stage. For the past 50 years, researchers have been studying the degree to which race affects juvenile justice decisionmaking. More than one explanation has been given for DMC. Some argue that DMC is the result of racial bias within the juvenile justice system. Others argue that DMC is the result of minority youth committing more crimes, more serious crimes, or types of offenses that are more likely to come to the attention of the police. Still others argue that DMC is, in part, produced by risk factors for delinquency. Tables, references
Main Term(s): Minority juvenile offenders
Index Term(s): Minorities ; Juvenile court intake ; Arrest and apprehension ; Juvenile justice system ; Ethnic groups ; Racial discrimination ; Juvenile delinquency research ; Juvenile arrest trends ; Minority overrepresentation
Sponsoring Agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
US Dept of Justice
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
United States of America
Grant Number: 1996-MU-FX-0012;2005-JK-FX-0001;1996-MU-FX-0017;2005-JK-FX-0023;1996-MU-FX-0014;2001-MU-FX-0062
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=241537

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