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NCJ Number: 220234 Find in a Library
Title: Results of a Two-Year Longitudinal Study of Beverage-Specific Alcohol Use Among Adolescents
Journal: Journal of Drug Education  Volume:37  Issue:2  Dated:2007  Pages:107-122
Author(s): Michele Johnson Moore Ph.D.; Chudley Werch Ph.D.
Date Published: 2007
Page Count: 16
Sponsoring Agency: US Dept of Health and Human Services
Rockville, MD 20892-9304
Grant Number: AA9283
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper presents the results of a 2-year longitudinal study exploring beverage-specific alcohol consumption patterns among adolescents.
Abstract: Two important findings emerged regarding the adolescents studied: (1) there were differences in beverage-specific alcohol consumption patterns over time, with wine use increasing, liquor use decreasing, and the other four beverages (beer, flavored coolers, fortified wine, and malt liquor) showing no significant changes and (2) there were differences in beverage choice and drinking patterns by gender and ethnicity. Flavored coolers were the most commonly reported beverage for 30-day use, heavy drinking and chugging in the ninth grade, but as students aged liquor and beer were somewhat more likely to be reported, particularly for heavy drinking and chugging. Interestingly, these three beverage types have been reported to be more commonly advertised to adolescents than adults. The results indicate the need for testing interventions that target the beverages most popular among students at various points in high school in order to enhance the effectiveness of future prevention programs to reduce alcohol consumption among adolescents. According to a 2003 national survey, three-fourths (74.9 percent) of high school students have had one or more drinks of alcohol during their life, and almost half (44.9 percent) have had one in the past month. This study explored beverage-specific alcohol consumption patterns among a sample of 455 high school students over a 2-year period. Variables of interest included five use measures (past year use, 30-day frequency, quantity, heavy use, chugging), each measured for six beverages (beer, wine, flavored coolers, fortified wine, liquor, and malt liquor). Tables, references
Main Term(s): Adolescent chemical dependency
Index Term(s): Adolescent females; Adolescent males; Adolescents at risk; Alcohol abuse; Alcoholic beverage consumption; Behavior patterns; Underage Drinking
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