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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 220725     Find in a Library
  Title: Pedestrian Injuries and Fatalities
  Document URL: Text PDF 
  Agency Summary: Agency Summary 
  Author(s): Justin A. Heinonen ; John E. Eck
  Corporate Author: Ctr for Problem-Oriented Policing (POP)
United States of America
  Date Published: 10/2007
  Page Count: 108
  Annotation: In this Problem-Oriented Guide for police, the problem of pedestrian-vehicle crashes resulting in injuries and fatalities is examined, and reviews the factors that contribute to such crashes, provides a series of questions to help analyze the local pedestrian injury and fatality problem, and reviews responses to the problem and what is known about them from evaluative research and police practice.
  Abstract: Pedestrian-vehicle crashes are a major problem in the United States. In 2003, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration reported that approximately 4,700 pedestrians were killed and another 70,000 injured due to pedestrian-vehicle crashes. On average, a pedestrian is killed in a traffic collision every 113 minutes and injured every 8 minutes. The times and days pedestrians are most at risk of injury differ from those when they are most at risk of death. The majority of pedestrian injuries and fatalities happen to males between the ages of 25 and 44. Factors found to contribute to pedestrian injuries and fatalities include: pedestrian behavior, vehicle and driver factors, physical environment and special conditions (circumstances that accentuate one or more factors), such as bad weather and those individuals with limited mobility. In understanding the pedestrian–vehicle crash problem, a community must combine the general knowledge with specific facts describing local conditions. Carefully analyzing the problem helps in the design of an effective response strategy fitting the local community’s specific needs. Once the problem is identified and understood, effective responses can then be developed to address pedestrian injuries and fatalities. In most cases, an effective strategy will involve implementing several different responses, including designating a special pedestrian safety task force within the agency, establishing hotspot-specific crackdowns on jaywalking, addressing pedestrian drinking behavior, increasing driver’s perceptions of risk regarding pedestrian fatalities, installing crossing systems that include a pedestrian detection system, improving sidewalks and other pedestrian walkways, and improving safety for workers at higher risk of crashes. Appendixes A-C and references
  Main Term(s): Highway safety
  Index Term(s): Hit and run ; Traffic monitoring ; Driving Under the Influence (DUI) ; Pedestrians ; Traffic offenses ; Traffic law enforcement ; Policing innovation ; Vehicular homicide ; Problem-Oriented Policing
  Sponsoring Agency: Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS)
US Dept of Justice
United States of America
  Grant Number: 2005CKWXK001
  Publication Number: ISBN 1-932582-83-5
  Sale Source: Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS)
US Dept of Justice
Two Constitutional Square
145 N Street, N.E.
Washington, DC 20530
United States of America
  Type: Issue Overview
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  Note: Downloaded on February 4, 2008. From Problem-Oriented Gudes for Police-Specific Guides Series, Guide No. 51
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