skip navigation

Justinfo Subscribe to Stay Informed

Add your conference to our Justice Events calendar


NCJRS Abstract


Subscribe to Stay Informed
Want to be in the know? JUSTINFO is a biweekly e-newsletter containing information about new publications, events, training, funding opportunities, and Web-based resources available from the NCJRS Federal sponsors. Sign up to get JUSTINFO in your inbox.

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database.

How to Obtain Documents
NCJ Number: NCJ 222585   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Final Report Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice Under Public Law 280
  Document URL: PDF 
  Dataset URL: DATASET 1
Author(s): Carole Goldberg J.D. ; Heather Valdez Singleton ; Duane Champagne Ph.D.
Date Published: 11/2007
Page Count: 568
  Annotation: This study examined the perspectives of more than 350 Indian tribal members and State and local officials on the impact of Federal Public Law (PL) 280, which structures law enforcement and criminal justice for 23 percent of the reservation-based tribal population and 51 percent of all tribes in the lower 48 States, while potentially affecting all Alaska Natives and their tribes or villages.
Abstract: Analysis of the qualitative and quantitative data indicates that reservation residents in PL-280 jurisdictions typically rated the availability and quality of law enforcement and criminal justice lower than reservation residents in non-PL-280 jurisdictions. State/county law enforcement officials in PL-280 jurisdictions, on the other hand, tended to provide more positive assessments of the impact of PL 280. Regarding State or county police serving PL-280 reservations, reservation residents rated them as less available, slower in response time, less prone to attend equally to minor or serious calls, providing inadequate patrol services, being reluctant to respond to calls in remote areas, and having to travel farther in responding to calls than Federal-Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) and tribal police serving non-PL-280 reservations. A large majority of reservation residents in the PL-280 tribes surveyed in this study favored rescinding State jurisdiction if Federal-BIA support were available to establish and/or develop tribal law enforcement and criminal justice systems. Published studies indicate that where this has occurred, public safety has improved, and community satisfaction has increased due to enhanced tribal sovereignty and tribal creation of justice systems that reflect community values and conceptions of justice. This study recommends the enactment of Federal legislation that authorizes tribally initiated retrocession of PL-280 jurisdictions. Other recommendations pertain to ways to improve the functioning of State/county law enforcement and criminal justice services in PL-280 jurisdictions. Chapter figures and appended study questionnaires, supplementary data, and questions and answers about PL 280
Main Term(s): Tribal court system ; Bureau of Indian Affairs ; Federal legislation
Index Term(s): Indian justice ; State police ; County police ; Indian affairs ; American Indians ; Criminology ; Tribal police ; Legislative impact ; NIJ final report ; Tribal Courts
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2001-IJ-CX-0031
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research) ; Legislation/Policy Analysis
Country: United States of America
Language: English
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

* A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's web site is provided.