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NCJRS Celebrates National Library Week April 12-18

National Library Week

Started in 1958, National Library Week is a nationwide observance celebrated by all types of libraries - including the NCJRS Virtual Library. NCJRS invites you to explore the breadth and scope of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection and services. With more than 220,000 collection documents and 60,000 online resources, including all known Office of Justice Programs works, it is one of the world’s largest criminal justice special collections.

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NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database.

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NCJ Number: NCJ 223980   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Gene Polymorphism and Human Pigmentation
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): Murray H. Brilliant Ph.D.
Date Published: 09/2008
Page Count: 60
  Annotation: The goal of the study was to determine with a high degree of accuracy the pigmentation phenotype (hair, eye, and skin color) of an individual from a forensic DNA sample.
Abstract: Using multiple linear regression (MLR) modeling, six Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) in five genes were found to account for large proportions of pigmentation variation in hair, skin, and eyes in the across-population analyses; single polymorphisms in SLC45A2, SLC24A5, and OCA2 accounted for 77.3 percent of the variance in total amount of scalp-hair melanin; single polymorphisms in SLC45A2, SLC24A5, and MC1R accounted for 38.3 percent of the variance in the natural logarithm of the ratio of black-to-red melanin in scalp hair; single polymorphisms in SLC45A2, SLC24A5, and ASIP accounted for 45.7 percent of the variance in skin pigmentation; and single polymorphisms in SLC45A2, SLC24A5, and OCA2 accounted for 52.2 percent of the variance in eye color. Interaction between ASIP and SLC45A2 were inferred from the models and increased the explanation of skin pigmentation variation to 49.6 percent. Thus, these models offer useful predictive tools by using only three SNPs to determine an individual’s pigmentation type, independent of ethnic origin. The analyses proceeded in three phases. Phase one was the determination of the spectrum of polymorphism in these genes in a limited number of individuals of diverse ethnic origins and various pigmentation types. Phase two was the correlation of these SNPs with pigmentation types in a representative sample of individuals. Phase three was the testing of the models determined in Phase two and the adaptation of the analysis to forensic DNA samples. Phases one and two have been completed, and Phase three is nearly complete. 9 figures and 93 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Hair and fiber analysis ; Forensics/Forensic Sciences ; Investigative techniques ; DNA fingerprinting ; NIJ final report
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2002-IJ-CX-K010
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=245921

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