skip navigation

Add your conference to our Justice Events calendar


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

  NCJ Number: NCJ 225339   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
  Title: Gendered Violence and Safety: A Contextual Approach to Improving Security in Women's Facilities: Part I of III Gendered Violence and Safety: Improving Security in Women’s Facilities
  Document URL: PDF 
  Author(s): Barbara Owen Ph.D. ; James Wells Ph.D. ; Joycelyn Pollock Ph.D., J.D. ; Bernadette Muscat Ph.D. ; Stephanie Torres M.S.
  Date Published: 11/2008
  Page Count: 97
  Annotation: This first part of a three-part report on a project that investigated the context of gendered violence and safety in women’s correctional facilities reviews the relevant literature, summarizes findings from focus groups, draws policy implications, and offers recommendations for increasing safety for women inmates.
  Abstract: The literature review suggests that individual inmate factors alone do not sufficiently explain violent behavior in women’s prisons. Although they have a significant effect on any given woman’s potential for violence and conflict, individual factors are mitigated or aggravated by contextual elements in the prison/jail environment, including relationships, groups, and environmental factors. The summary findings from the focus groups for inmates and correctional staff note significant agreement regarding the causes of fighting and other forms of violence in women’s prisons/jails. Generally, both groups believed that jealousy, debts, and disrespect were the major triggers for violence. The focus groups also revealed that violence in women’s correctional facilities occurs on a continuum that includes verbal conflict, economic conflict and exploitation, physical violence, and sexual violence. Sexual violence has its own continuum, which includes sexual comments and touching, sexual pressure or intimidation, stalking, sexual aggression, sexual violence in particular relationships, and sexual assault. In drawing policy implications and recommendations from the findings, the focus is on improving sexual safety, which is the concern of the Federal Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (PREA). This report advises that the first step in meeting the goals of PREA is to recognize that safety and violence have different meanings for female and male inmates. It argues that sexual safety for female inmates requires focusing on both “kinds of persons” and “kinds of places.” This requires that prevention, intervention, and treatment be components of a comprehensive approach to inmate safety. 163 references
  Main Term(s): Corrections research
  Index Term(s): Correctional Personnel Training ; Violent inmates ; Inmate staff relations ; Inmate personal security ; Female inmates ; Womens correctional institutions ; Prisoner sexual assault ; Prison conditions ; Violence prevention ; Violent females
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 2006-RP-BX-0016
  Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
  Type: Report (Study/Research) ; Literature Review
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  Note: Reference NCJ 225338 for complete report, NCJ 225340-41 for Parts II and III, and NCJ 225342 and 225343 for related bulletins.
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.