skip navigation

Justinfo Subscribe to Stay Informed

Add your conference to our Justice Events calendar


NCJRS Abstract


Subscribe to Stay Informed
Want to be in the know? JUSTINFO is a biweekly e-newsletter containing information about new publications, events, training, funding opportunities, and Web-based resources available from the NCJRS Federal sponsors. Sign up to get JUSTINFO in your inbox.

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database.

How to Obtain Documents
NCJ Number: NCJ 227932   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Body Mass Estimation From the Human Skeleton
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): Megan K. Moore
Date Published: 05/2008
Page Count: 150
  Annotation: Since established methods for estimating average body mass from the skeleton (biomechanical and morphometric) do not currently address the extremes of body mass (e.g., emaciation or obesity), this research examined several different biomechanical methods that pertain to human gait and the accommodations that occur with increased obesity and load bearing.
Abstract: The study concluded that it is possible to estimate modern human body mass from the skeleton, including the extremes of both emaciation and obesity. Accompanying emaciation, there is an absence of hypertrophic pathologies in conjunction with low bone mineral density. At the other extreme, obese individuals are nearly eight times more likely to have diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis in the spine compared with non-obese persons. Obese individuals are also seven and eight times more likely to have osteoarthritis of the right and left medial tibiae, respectively. Obesity plays a greater role in the etiology of these degenerative diseases than does aging. These findings support the original hypothesis that cross-sectional area and bone mineral density will have the highest correlation with body mass and body weight. Given that 32.2 percent of the adult American population is considered obese, biological anthropologists should be aware of the skeletal manifestations of this recent trend in the body mass of Americans. This study used data collected from high resolution computed tomographic scans and macroscopic analysis of 150 known modern individuals from the William M. Bass Donated Skeleton Collection at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville. 20 figures, 15 tables, and approximately 120 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Victim identification ; Bone analysis ; Forensics/Forensic Sciences ; Investigative techniques ; Death investigations ; NIJ final report
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2007-DN-BX-0013
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

* A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's web site is provided.