skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 229075 Find in a Library
Title: Effect of a Longer Versus Shorter Test-Release Interval on Recidivism Prediction with the Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles (PICTS)
Journal: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology  Volume:53  Issue:6  Dated:December 2009  Pages:665-678
Author(s): Glenn D. Walters
Date Published: December 2009
Page Count: 14
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the General Criminal Thinking (GCT) score of the Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles (PICTS) to determine whether the predictive efficacy was influenced by the amount of time between administration of the PICTS and release from custody.
Abstract: Findings revealed that the PICTS inmates’ results whose test release interval was less than or equal to 24 months, approached statistical significance by the eighth test. By contrast there were no significant effects when GCT was used to predict future recidivism in longer test-release interval inmates (test-release interval greater than 24 months). As predicted there was evidence for the predictive efficacy of the PICTS GCT score only when the span between testing and release was 24 months or less. It would seem the PICTS, as is probably the case with the most dynamic assessment procedures, does a better job of predicting short-term outcomes than it does of predicting long-term outcomes. Recidivism data were collected on 284 released male Federal prisoners, divided into those inmates who had been released within 24 months of having completed the PICTS, and those inmates who had been released more than 24 months after having completed the PICTS; recidivism was measured by subsequent arrests and convictions accrued during a 6- to 78-month follow-up. Tables, notes, and references
Main Term(s): Questionnaires; Recidivism prediction
Index Term(s): Adjustment to release; Criminality prediction; Habitual offenders; Psychological evaluation
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.