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NCJ Number: 229215 Find in a Library
Title: Girls, Boys, and Schools: Gender Differences in the Relationships Between School-Related Factors and Students Deviance
Journal: Criminology  Volume:47  Issue:4  Dated:November 2009  Pages:1167-1200
Author(s): Allison Ann Payne
Date Published: November 2009
Page Count: 34
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the potential gender differences in the relationships among student deviance, student bonding, and communal school organization.
Abstract: Gender differences in the overall model of relationships were found as were differences in the relationships between student bonding elements and delinquency. However, gender differences were not found in the relationships between student bonding elements and drug use, nor in the relationships between communal school organization elements and delinquency and drug use. Study limitations and future research were outlined and discussed. Most existing research has failed to address whether gender moderates the relationships between student deviance and the school-related factors of student bonding and communal school organization. This study seeks to address these gaps in research. Using a nationally representative sample of 13,450 students from 253 schools, hierarchical linear models were run to examine the potential gender differences in the relationship among school-level communal school organization, individual-level student bonding, and individual-level student deviance (male and female delinquency and drug use). Tables, references, and appendix
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency research
Index Term(s): Criminology; Deviance; Female juvenile delinquents; Gender issues; Juvenile delinquency; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile Delinquent behavior; Juvenile delinquents; Male female offender comparisons
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