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NCJ Number: 229238 Find in a Library
Title: Social Control in the Face of Security and Minority Threats: The Effects of Terrorism, Minority Threat and Economic Crisis on the Law Enforcement System in Israel
Journal: British Journal of Criminology  Volume:49  Issue:6  Dated:November 2009  Pages:772-787
Author(s): Revital Sela-Shayovitz
Date Published: November 2009
Page Count: 16
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This study examined the Second Intifada in Israel and the impact of security, minority, and economic threats on social control imposed on the Arab-Israeli minorities.
Abstract: Findings suggest a strong and statistically significant interaction effect between the Intifada and ethnic origin for all the felonies that were examined; during periods of a heightened security threat, coercive control imposed on the Arab-Israeli minority was significantly intensified. The effect of the Second Intifada was significantly different for the two ethnic groups. Arab-Israeli pre-trial detentions increased and were significantly higher than those of Jews. A significant interaction term was found between the number of terrorist attacks and ethnic origin for public order offenses. In the months with multiple terrorist attacks, Israeli-Arab detentions for public order offenses significantly increased in the subsequent month. The sharp increase in Israeli-Arab pre-trial detention rates during the Intifada essentially reflects the tendency of the law enforcement system to enhance control during a period of heightened security threat caused by intensive terrorist attacks. Tables, figures, and references
Main Term(s): Israel; Social control
Index Term(s): Ethnic groups; Foreign criminal justice systems; Pretrial detention; Security; Socioeconomic impact of terrorism
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