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NCJ Number: NCJ 238265     Find in a Library
Title: Criminal Justice Interventions for Offenders With Mental Illness: Evaluation of Mental Health Courts in Bronx and Brooklyn, New York, Executive Summary
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): Shelli B. Rossman ; Janeen Buck Willison ; Kamala Mallik-Kane ; KiDeuk Kim ; Sara Debus-Sherrill ; P. Mitchell Downey
Corporate Author: The Urban Institute
United States of America
Date Published: 02/2012
Page Count: 14
  Annotation: This is the executive summary of the report on a process and impact evaluation of the mental health courts (MHCs) in Bronx and Brooklyn (New York City).
Abstract: Findings from the process analysis indicated key differences in the problem solving characteristics and orientation of the two MHCs. Similarities and differences are noted in the MHC teams, Judicial interaction and courtroom dynamics, participation in judicial hearings by defense attorneys and prosecutors, monitoring and testing of participants, clinical assessment, treatment provider networks, treatment placement, referral mechanisms, and the use of rewards and sanctions. Regarding the impact evaluation, the Brooklyn participants did slightly better than Bronx participants regarding criminal justice outcomes. Both groups had considerably better outcomes (lower likelihood of reoffending) than their matched comparisons, who underwent traditional court processing. The age, criminal history, and substance use of program participants were significant predictors of recidivism. Although MHC participants in the study had better criminal justice outcomes than mentally ill offenders in the matched comparison groups, recidivism was still high. The relatively high recidivism rates for both of the study’s treatment groups may lend additional credence to the assertions of Skeem et al. (2009), who found that offenders with mental illness score higher than offenders without mental illness in assessments for criminogenic risk-needs. The treatment group for the Bronx impact analysis consisted of individuals who participated in the MHC between January 1, 2002, and December 31, 2006 (n = 564). The treatment group for the Brooklyn impact analysis consisted of individuals who participated in the MHC between March 1, 2002, and December 31, 2006 (n = 316). Comparison groups for both impact analyses were drawn from a pool of approximately 5,000 offenders entered in a mental health database. 14 references
Main Term(s): Court procedures
Index Term(s): Court statistics ; Court structure ; Court standards ; Court studies ; Court research ; NIJ final report ; New York ; Mental Health Courts
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Contract Number: ASP BPA 2004BF022
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Program/Project Evaluation ; Report (Summary)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: See NCJ-238264 for the complete report.
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