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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 243920 Find in a Library
Title: Prisoners in 2012: Trends in Admissions and Releases, 1991-2012
Series: BJS Bulletins
Author(s): E. Ann Carson; Daniela Golinelli
Corporate Author: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Date Published: December 2013
Page Count: 44
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
Washington, DC 20531
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: Agency Summary|PDF|Text
Agency Summary: 
Type: Report (Annual/Periodic) ; Statistics
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: In addition to reporting the number of admissions and releases from U.S. prisons (State and Federal) in 2012, this report examined trends in the types of State prison admissions and releases between 1991 and 2012.
Abstract: In 2012, there were 609,800 admissions to State and Federal prisons, the lowest number since 1999. Releases from prisons in 2012 (637,400) exceeded the number of admissions for the fourth consecutive year, which contributed to the decline in the total prison population. In 2011, 53 percent of inmates were incarcerated for violent offenses. New commitments composed 82 percent of State prison admissions in 1978, 57 percent in 2000, and 71 percent in 2012. New admissions to State prisons for drug offenses decreased 22 percent between 2006 and 2011, and parole-violation admissions decreased 31 percent. Between 1991 and 2011, new State prison admissions of female offenders for violent offenses increased 83 percent, from 4,800 in 1991 to 8,700 in 2011. Drug offenses accounted for 24 percent of new admissions of Black inmates in 2011, a decrease from a range of 35 - 38 percent from 1991 to 2006. Since 1991, the proportion of newly admitted violent offenders with sentences of less than 5 years has increased. California’s Public Safety Realignment policy drove the decrease in the total number of admissions to California State prisons, as well as the decline in the proportion of admissions for parole violations, from 65 percent in 2010 to 23 percent in 2012. In 2012, prisoners ages 44 and younger composed 80 percent of prison admissions, 77 percent of releases, and 72 percent of the year-end population in 2012. The number of inmates sentenced to more than 1 year in State and Federal prisons in 2012 was 1,511,500, down from 1,538,800 at year-end 2011. Extensive tables and figures
Main Term(s): Corrections statistics
Index Term(s): Federal correctional facilities; Inmate characteristics; Inmate statistics; Prison Population; State correctional facilities; Trend analysis
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