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NCJ Number: NCJ 246429   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Documentation of Resident to Resident Elder Mistreatment in Residential Care Facilities
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): Mark Lachs, M.D., M.P.H. ; Jeanne A. Teresi, Ed.D., Ph.D. ; Mildred Ramirez, Ph.D.
Date Published: 03/2014
Page Count: 283
  Annotation: This study of resident-to-resident elder maltreatment (R-REM) in nursing homes is intended to improve institutional recognition of R-REM; to examine the convergence of R-REM reports across different methodologies; to identify the most accurate mechanism for detecting and reporting R-REM; to develop profiles of persons involved in R-REM by reporting source; to investigate existing R-REM policies; and to develop institutional guidelines for reporting R-REM incidents.
Abstract: The results presented in this report address only the urban sample. Overall, there were 335 reports of at least one R-REM incident within the 2-week prevalence period by any of the various data sources, i.e., resident report, staff report, observation, incident/accident report, and forensic chart review. The sources that reported the largest number of “unmatched” unique residents involved in incidents was the staff, followed by the residents. The highest convergence identified between report sources was between the staff reports and the shift coupons, but generally convergence across sources was low. The resident and staff sources were apparently the best sources for R-REM data. Residents involved in R-REM were likely to be non-Hispanic, White, and residing in segregated units for individuals with dementia. On average, they exhibited various types of problem behaviors. In addition, there was evidence environmental characteristics of nursing homes were associated with and contribute to R-REM, such as disturbing noises and the congestion of large numbers of patients with walkers and wheelchairs. Recommendations pertain to the development of guidelines that address the identification, reporting, and documentation of R-REM events; staff training on R-REM recognition and intervention; and research projects that examine residents’ characteristics and contextual factors related to R-REM. This was an epidemiological prevalent cohort study with one wave of data collection that involved five urban and five suburban nursing homes. The current report addresses only the urban facilities. Extensive tables and 27 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Data collection devices ; Crime prevention measures ; Data collection ; Crimes against the elderly ; Elder Abuse ; Offender profiles ; Elderly offenders ; Crime prevention planning ; Elderly victims ; Institutional elder abuse ; NIJ final report ; Assault
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2009-IJ-CX-0001
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research) ; Research (Applied/Empirical) ; Report (Grant Sponsored)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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