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NCJ Number: 249845 Find in a Library
Title: An Assessment of the Effectiveness of Prison Work Release Programs on Post-Release Recidivism and Employment
Author(s): William D. Bales; Catie Clark; Samuel Scaggs; David Ensley; Philip Coltharp; Alexa Singer; Thomas G. Blomberg
Date Published: April 2016
Page Count: 61
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2011-MU-BX-0006
Sale Source: US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
810 Seventh Street, NW
Washington, DC 20531
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Evaluation; Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: In evaluating the effectiveness of prison-based work-release centers in reducing post-prison recidivism and increasing employment, this study determined whether privately operated work-release centers produced different outcomes compared to State-operated programs under the Florida Department of Corrections.
Abstract: In addition, the study examined whether post-prison outcomes for work-release programs varied among inmates with differing characteristics, including gender, race, age at prison release, offense type, and post-release supervision. Findings indicate that released inmates who participated in work-release programs had significantly lower recidivism than a control group of released inmates who did not participate in a work-release program. For this study, recidivism encompassed arrest for any new crime, arrest for a new felony offense, or conviction for a new felony offense. In addition, participation in a work-release program had a significant influence on the likelihood of obtaining post-release employment within the first quarter after release. A comparison of results from privately and publicly operated work-release centers showed no significant difference in participants’ recidivism; however, inmates who completed a privately operated work-release program were significantly more like to become employed after their release. The study found no significant variations in outcomes across various demographic groups, offense type, or post-prison supervision status. Based on these results, the study recommends expansion of the use of prison-based work-release programs. The study involved 27,463 inmates who completed a work-release program and were released from a Florida prison between 2004 and 2011. Their post-release recidivism and employment were compared with 15,911 released inmates who met the criterion for placement in a work-release program but did not participate during their incarceration. 14 tables and 42 references
Main Term(s): Corrections effectiveness
Index Term(s): Comparative analysis; Employment services; Ex-offender employment; Florida; NIJ final report; NIJ Resources; Privatization in corrections; Recidivism; Work release
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