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NCJ Number: NCJ 063672     Find in a Library
Title: POLICE FUNCTION, STRUCTURE, AND CONTROL IN WESTERN EUROPE AND NORTH AMERICA - COMPARATIVE AND HISTORICAL STUDIES (FROM CRIME AND JUSTICE - AN ANNUAL REVIEW OF RESEARCH, V 1, 1979, BY NORVAL MORRIS ET AL - SEE NCJ-63668)
Author(s): D H BAYLEY
Corporate Author: University of Chicago Press
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 35
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS ESSAY EXAMINES COMPARATIVE AND HISTORICAL STUDIES IN ENGLISH OF THE FUNCTION, STRUCTURE, AND CONTROL OF THE POLICE IN WESTERN EUROPE AND NORTH AMERICA.
Abstract: THE VARIATION AMONG CONTEMPORARY POLICING SYSTEMS IS DESCRIBED, AND THEORIES DEVELOPED TO EXPLAIN THESE VARIATIONS ARE REVIEWED. STUDY OF THE NATURE OF POLICE WORK HAS EMPLOYED THREE DIFFERENT MEASURES OF FUNCTION--THE NUMBER OF PERSONNEL ASSIGNED TO DIFFERENT SPECIALIZED UNITS, THE KIND OF OCCASIONS THAT TRIGGER POLICE MOBILIZATIONS, AND THE NATURE OF OUTCOMES FROM MOBILIZATIONS. THE RESEARCH HAS ALSO SHOWN THAT THE BULK OF POLICE PERSONNEL ARE ASSIGNED TO PATROL, AND STATE IMPOSITION OF TASKS ON THE POLICE HAS DECLINED IN ALL COUNTRIES DURING THE PAST CENTURY. THE UNITED STATES IS THE ONLY COUNTRY THAT HAS FAILED TO ESTABLISH A NATIONAL SYSTEM OF POLICING. CENTRALIZATION DOES NOT APPEAR TO BE THE WAVE OF THE FUTURE IN THE NATIONAL SYSTEMS OF WESTERN EUROPE AND NORTH AMERICA, NOR DOES IT APPEAR TO BE RELATED TO THE CHARACTER OF GOVERNMENT OR PERFORMANCE OF THE POLICE. POLICE CONTROL MECHANISMS ALSO VARY CONSIDERABLY IN TERMS OF CENTRALIZATION AND TYPE OF PERSONNEL INVOLVED. THE ESSAY CONCLUDES BY ASSESSING THE CONTRIBUTION MADE BY COMPARATIVE AND HISTORICAL STUDIES TO WHAT IS KNOWN ABOUT POLICE FUNCTION, ORGANIZATION AND CONTROL AND SUGGESTS AN AGENDA FOR NEEDED FUTURE RESEARCH ON THE SUBJECT. REFERENCES AND A SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY ARE APPENDED. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED - MJW)
Index Term(s): Police organizational structure ; Police effectiveness ; Police personnel ; Studies ; Western Europe
   
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https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=63672

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