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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 69796 Find in a Library
Title: Conceptual Framework for the Parole Action Study
Author(s): E Studt
Corporate Author: Ctr of Law and Society
United States of America
Date Published: 1967
Page Count: 37
Sponsoring Agency: Ctr of Law and Society
Berkeley, CA 94720
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
US Dept of Justice
Grant Number: 131
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This draft paper identifies critical social phenomena apparent from observing the parole process, in order to provide a conceptual framework for the Parole Action Study.
Abstract: The paper was prepared by the Center for the Study of Law and Society at the University of California in Berkeley. Data were collected through observations and interviews of parolees, parole officials, parolees' families, employment agency personnel, public welfare personnel, and service agency personnel, mostly from one region of California. Results indicated that the parole process represents a status passage characterized by voluntariness, desirability, expectations for success, reversibility, repeatability, solo and collective efforts, scheduling, and phasing. Parolees use many strategies for managing the problems of being a parolee. The parole agent is a primary fatemaker, determining whether a parolee will move toward discharge or back to prison. The agent both helps and polices the parolee. Elements of agent decisionmaking include evaluation of social dangerousness, risk taking, assessment of the parolees' living context, efforts involved in specific choices, technology available, and competence. Problems agents face include coordinating invisible and public activities, and becoming a third party in parolees' relationships. Areas needing further analysis include the effects of administrators, focus on helping lower-level staff, effects of participatory management, and disparate emphases of different organizational units.
Index Term(s): Behavior patterns; California; Decisionmaking; Evaluation; Parolees; Probation or parole officers; Relations; Studies
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