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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 78249 Find in a Library
Title: Judicial Selection in the United States - A Compendium of Provisions
Author(s): L Berkson; S Beller; M Grimaldi
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 185
Sponsoring Agency: American Judicature Soc
Chicago, IL 60601-7401
Sale Source: American Judicature Soc
180 N. Michigan Avenue
Suite 600
Chicago, IL 60601-7401
United States of America
Type: Statistics
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This compendium describes the methods for selecting judges in the 50 States and the District of Columbia.
Abstract: It begins with a historical review of judicial selection in the United States. The essay is divided into two sections, one outlining the trends in selection at the State level and the other, contemporary changes in the processes of selecting Federal judges. It contains tables which summarize current provisions for selecting judges through commission plans, partisan elections, and nonpartisan elections. It also contains tables which summarize how supreme court justices, intermediate appellate judges, and general, limited, and special jurisdiction trial court judges are selected today. The essay is followed by a summary of how each State selects its judges. Courts are listed, generally in descending order of the State's judicial hierarchy. For each judicial office, provisions are included which govern initial selection, vacancies, a judge's retention of his office, and the length of a regular term. When nominating commissions are used, they are noted. Nonpartisan elections are distinguished from partisan ones. In addition, citations to the appropriate constitutional provisions, statutes, and executive orders are provided. (Author summary modified)
Index Term(s): Judge retention elections; Judge selection; Reference materials; State-by-state analyses
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