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NCJ Number: 96776 Find in a Library
Title: Differential Sentencing of Women and Men in the USA
Journal: International Journal of Sociology of Law  Volume:12  Issue:4  Dated:(November 1984)  Pages:401-413
Author(s): M Zingraff; R Thomson
Date Published: 1984
Page Count: 13
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This review of empirical studies that compared sentences for male and female offenders found that sentencing differentials based on sex are more pronounced for felonies than for misdemeanors.
Abstract: Study data came from the records of all persons sentenced in North Carolina from 1969 through 1977. The study focused on four felony offenses (second-degree murder, voluntary manslaughter, larceny, and forgery) and on four misdemeanors (simple assault, child abandonment, worthless checks, and concealment of merchandise). Almost 10,000 cases were included. Females received significantly shorter sentences than males for all the felonies. In contrast, the sentences received by women and men were similar for three of the four misdemeanors. However, for child abandonment, women received significantly longer sentences than did men. Paternalism apparently exists in the criminal justice system in this State in felony cases. For the misdemeanors, harsher treatment of women in one offense may relate to the violation of gender role expectations. Data tables, notes, and a list of 35 references are supplied.
Index Term(s): Male female offender comparisons; North Carolina; Sentencing disparity; Sentencing factors; Sex discrimination
Note: Earlier version presented at the annual meeting of the Society for the Study of Social Problems, Toronto, August 1981,
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