skip navigation

Add your conference to our Justice Events calendar


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

  NCJ Number: NCJ 097703     Find in a Library
  Title: Restraining Orders for Battered Women - Issues of Access and Efficacy (From Criminal Justice Politics and Women - The Aftermath of Legally Mandated Change, P 13-28, 1985, Claudine SchWeber and Clarice Feinman, ed. - See NCJ-97701)
  Dataset URL: DATASET 1
  Author(s): J Grau ; J Fagan ; S Wexler
  Date Published: 1985
  Page Count: 16
  Annotation: This paper examines the efficacy of civil restraining orders in reducing violence against women and analyzes data from followup interviews conducted in 1980 with clients 4 months after they received services from Federally supported domestic violence projects.
  Abstract: Since the passage of the Pennsylvania Protection from Abuse Act in 1976, many States have enacted legislation to provide civil restraining orders for battered women. These orders, which offer a civil court alternative to criminal sanctions, are court-issued temporary or permanent orders which direct an assailant to refrain from further abusive conduct. However, interviews with 270 recipients of restraining orders suggest that the orders are generally ineffective in reducing the rate of abuse or violence. Analysis indicates that postproject abuse and violence are unaffected by the presence of a restraining order. Nearly three victims in five were abused within 4 months regardless of whether they had obtained a restraining order. While the restraining orders were ineffective in stopping physical violence, they were effective in reducing abuse for women with less serious histories of family violence or where the assailant was less violent in general. Measures to improve restraining order mechanisms should more clearly codify abuse and violence, improve access for those not married or cohabitating, streamline procedures and shorten waiting periods, address a full range of child-related concerns, strengthen sanctions, and mandate official responses to violations. Additionally, comprehensive legislation is needed to coordinate civil and criminal remedies. Four tables and 23 references are included. (Author abstract modified)
  Index Term(s): State laws ; Battered wives ; Civil proceedings ; Self-report studies ; Legal remedies for battered women
  Sponsoring Agency: US Securities and Exchange Cmssn
Office of the Inspector General
United States of America
  Grant Number: 78-MU-AX-0049; 80-JN-AX-0004
  Sale Source: Haworth Press, Inc
10 Alice Street
Binghamton, NY 13904
United States of America
  Type: Report (Study/Research)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.