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NCJ Number: 114707 Find in a Library
Title: Correctional Programs for Chronic Juvenile Offenders: Characteristics of Three Exemplary Programs
Author(s): P W Greenwood
Date Published: 1988
Page Count: 16
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Rand Corporation
Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138
Skillman Foundation
Detroit, MI 48226
Publication Number: P-7421
Sale Source: Rand Corporation
1776 Main Street
P.O. Box 2138
Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138
United States of America

National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program Description (Model)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This document provides descriptions of three exemplary programs for the rehabilitation of juvenile offenders -VisionQuest, in Tucson, Ariz.; the Paint Creek Youth Center (PCYC), in Ohio; and the Key Program in Framingham, Mass.
Abstract: In VisionQuest, youth reside in a rustic boot camp, participate in a strenuous physical conditioning program and various impact activities (sailing, wagon train, wilderness camp), and complete regular school work. The distinguishing program components include an emphasis on experiential education and life-skills training, high-staff-to-ward ratio, close family living arrangements, use of staff-initiated confrontations to challenge negative behaviors, and a focus on family issues in periodic group sessions involving parents. Evaluations of such programs indicate that they are effective in reducing recidivism compared to other more conventional treatment methods. The PCYC uses a problem-oriented record system to identify each juvenile's most serious problems and treatment needs, a personality-based classification system, a pattern of program phases based on the accomplishment of behavioral goals, team-based management, positive peer culture, a family program, and intensive aftercare supervision. Initial observations of the program have been favorable and replications are planned. The Key Program uses teams of three community caseworkers (trackers) under an experienced supervisor. Trackers provide counseling and monitor juveniles' activities several times each day. Team members meet weekly to discuss specific treatment or community advocacy issues with program consultants. Evaluation of a similar program showed positive effects on recidivism rates.
Main Term(s): Juvenile treatment methods
Index Term(s): Arizona; Intensive supervision programs; Juvenile Recidivism; Massachusetts; Ohio; Wilderness programs
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