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NCJ Number: 150437 Find in a Library
Title: Correction Beyond Prison Walls (From Criminology, P 399-417, 1991, Joseph F Sheley, ed.)
Author(s): T Clear
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 19
Sponsoring Agency: Wadsworth Publishing Co
Belmont, CA 94002
Sale Source: Wadsworth Publishing Co
20 Davis Drive
Belmont, CA 94002
United States of America
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This chapter uses the problem of prison overcrowding as the springboard for a discussion of nonincarcerative correction.
Abstract: The concept of "subincarcerative correction" is used to denote all the forms of correction that exist short of full- scale sentences to prison or jail. These include intensive supervision, house arrest, electronic monitoring, urine screening, fines, community service, halfway houses and work release centers, shock probation, and treatment programs. Some forms of subincarcerative correction are designed to change criminal and antisocial behavior, and others are designed primarily to provide supervision that will reduce the opportunity for offending during the supervisory period. A review of the research on the effectiveness of subincarcerative correction compared to institutionalization apparently shows that the results are similar for the same types of offenders. Further inquiry is required to assess the rationale for using nonincarcerative corrections. More information is needed about how and how well traditional programs work. Research that focuses on traditional supervision needs to specify types of offenders, types of interventions, and types of intervenors. Information that compares the relative success of various correctional approaches is also needed. Also, the public policy context of correction must be better understood. Most policymakers infer public values, but the few public surveys that have been done show the public to be far less punitive than is ordinarily believed.
Main Term(s): Corrections policies
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Community-based corrections (adult); Offender supervision
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