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NCJ Number: 166522 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Risk Factors for Alcohol Use Among Inner-City Minority Youth: A Comparative Analysis of Youth Living in Public and Conventional Housing (From The Etiology and Prevention of Drug Abuse Among Minority Youth, P 69-89, 1997, Gilbert J. Botvin, Steven Schinke, eds. - See NCJ-166518)
Author(s): C Williams; L M Scheier; G J Botvin; E Baker; N Miller
Date Published: 1997
Page Count: 21
Sponsoring Agency: Haworth Press, Inc
Binghamton, NY 13904
National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
Grant Number: P50DA-7656;R29-DA08909-03
Sale Source: Haworth Press, Inc
10 Alice Street
Binghamton, NY 13904
United States of America
Type: Issue Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper examines the role of public housing conditions in the etiology of adolescent drug use.
Abstract: National surveys indicate that drug use among secondary school youth is once again on the rise, especially among inner-city youth, who seem disproportionately affected by the risks associated with drug use. Urban youth residing in public housing developments may be extremely vulnerable as a result of their great exposure to high rates of crime, unrelenting poverty, and drug use. This study examined a sample of youth living in housing developments and youth living in conventional housing. Correlates and predictors of alcohol and drug use included measures of cognitive efficacy, social influences, normative expectations, drug-refusal skills, family management, psychological distress, and alcohol-related expectancies. Overall, there were few significant mean differences in psychosocial functioning or drug behavior for the two groups. Hierarchical moderated multiple regression analyses indicated that public housing status buffered against the negative effects of high levels of perceived alcohol availability on drinking behavior, whereas youth living in conventional housing with high grades reported lower alcohol involvement. The article discusses findings in terms of their implications for developing effective prevention approaches targeting urban youth residing in public housing. Tables, figures, references
Main Term(s): Controlled Substances
Index Term(s): Children at risk; Environmental influences; Ghettos; Juvenile drug use; Juveniles; Multifamily housing; Public housing; Regression analysis; Statistics; Underage Drinking
Note: DCC
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