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NCJ Number: 169561 Find in a Library
Title: Race and Community in Juvenile Justice Decision Making: Native Americans and the Convergence of Minority Status and Rural Residence
Journal: Social Pathology  Volume:2  Issue:2  Dated:(Summer 1996)  Pages:120-153
Author(s): D Parry
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 34
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The "bush" context of juvenile delinquency among Alaskan Natives provides a uniquely suitable arena for observing the effect of the interaction between race and community on juvenile justice decision making.
Abstract: Race and community characteristics have separate and combined effects on the processing of juvenile delinquency cases in communities that vary in racial and cultural composition and in the extent of urbanization. Juvenile justice research is reviewed to examine the generalizability of research findings in previous studies of race disparities in juvenile justice processing. Community influences on the handling of juvenile offenders are compared in terms of juvenile justice system operation across three rural communities and an urban area. The knowledge base on juvenile justice system treatment of Native Americans is expanded with regard to the differential treatment of Native Americans and with regard to juvenile justice philosophy and the "constitutionalization" of the juvenile justice process. Implications of the community context for the juvenile justice system's treatment of Native youth are considered. 149 references and 34 notes
Main Term(s): State juvenile justice systems
Index Term(s): Alaska; American Indians; Criminology; Cultural influences; Indian affairs; Indian justice; Juvenile delinquency; Juvenile delinquents; Juvenile justice research; Minority juvenile offenders; Racial discrimination; Rural area studies; Rural crime; Rural urban comparisons
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