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NCJ Number: 172411 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Reflections on Three Promising Programs
Journal: Perspectives  Volume:14  Issue:1  Dated:(Winter 1990)  Pages:20-24
Author(s): P W Greenwood
Corporate Author: Rand Corporation
United States of America
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 5
Sponsoring Agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Rand Corporation
Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138
Skillman Foundation
Detroit, MI 48226
Type: Program Description (Model)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Three promising juvenile rehabilitation programs that have both a strong intuitive appeal and empirical support regarding effectiveness are VisionQuest, a program based in Tucson, Ariz.; the Paint Creek Youth Center in southern Ohio; and Key Tracking in Massachusetts.
Abstract: Opinions that nothing works in juvenile rehabilitation have been based on fairly simplistic literature reviews. In contrast, more recent reviews allow comparisons among treatment effects. In addition, reducing the recidivism rates of chronic juvenile offenders with 5 or more prior arrests from 80 percent to 60 percent would reduce their future crimes by 50 percent and corrections costs by $50,000. These benefits in community safety suggest the usefulness of designing and operating effective treatment programs. VisionQuest works with youth in wilderness camps, on wagon trains, or in other high impact/adventure formats rather than in conventional residential settings. The Paint Creek Youth Center is a small, experimental, staff-secure program. It appears to have put together a fairly unique combination of more conventional treatment methods; together, these approaches create a strong program format. Key Tracking uses community case workers, working in teams of three under an experienced supervisor. Each tracker has primary responsibility for about eight youths after they leave private residential programs or if they had been permitted to remain in the community. They see their youths several times a day and work 70 hours a week. They serve for only 14 months, after which they must either be promoted or move on to another agency. Common characteristics of the three programs include high expectations for success, intensive programming and supervision, accountability, strong management, an emphasis on success, and the use of small group processes and positive role modeling. 10 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile rehabilitation
Index Term(s): Arizona; Juvenile Corrections/Detention effectiveness; Massachusetts; Ohio
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