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NCJ Number: 174395 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Children in Custody: Twenty-Year Trends in Juvenile Detention, Correctional, and Shelter Facilities
Journal: Crime and Delinquency  Volume:44  Pages:issue (October 1998)-543
Author(s): B Smith
Date Published: 1998
Page Count: 18
Sponsoring Agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Using data drawn from the Children in Custody (CIC) statistical series, this article presents 20-year trends (1975- 1995) in the number and characteristics of juvenile correctional facilities, in the number and characteristics of youth held in these facilities, and in the costs of confinement of these youth.
Abstract: Findings show that even after controlling for the size of the at-risk juvenile population and inflation, there were more juveniles, more males, more minorities, and more violent offenders in more crowded, secure, and costly juvenile correctional facilities in 1995 than there were in the preceding years. With more juveniles being sent to fewer juvenile correctional facilities, the average length of stay has decreased over this same period. Without consideration of alternatives, it is likely that bed-space capacity will increase for juveniles, much as it has for adults over the past 20 years. And again, as with adults, with more capacity larger numbers of juveniles likely will be sent to juvenile correctional facilities. Nothing has stopped this cycle for adults. With juveniles increasingly identified as being responsible for much of the crime in the Nation, it is difficult to imagine how the number of children in custody will not continue to increase over the next several years. 15 figures, 25 notes, and 36 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile inmate statistics
Index Term(s): Inmate characteristics; Juvenile inmates; Trend analysis
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