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NCJ Number: 174416 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Risk Factors for Alcohol Use Among Inner-City Minority Youth: A Comparative Analysis of Youth Living in Public and Conventional Housing
Journal: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse  Volume:6  Issue:1  Dated:1997  Pages:69-90
Author(s): C Williams; L M Scheier; G J Botvin; E Baker; N Miller
Date Published: 1997
Page Count: 21
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
Grant Number: P50DA-7656; R29-DA08909-03
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: To better understand the role of public housing conditions in the etiology of adolescent drug use, this study compared minority youth living in public housing developments and minority youth living in conventional housing in New York City.
Abstract: Data were obtained as part of an ongoing prospective investigation of drug abuse etiology and prevention with inner- city minority youth. The public housing sample included 622 youths (169 Hispanics and 453 blacks; 42 percent male), while the conventional housing sample included 642 youths (90 Hispanics and 552 blacks; 46 percent male). Correlates and predictors of alcohol and drug use were based on measures of cognitive efficacy, social influences, normative expectations, drug refusal skills, family management, psychological distress, and alcohol-related expectancies. Overall, few significant mean differences were observed in psychosocial functioning or drug behavior for the two samples. Multiple regression analyses indicated public housing status buffered against the negative effects of high levels of perceived alcohol availability on drinking behavior, whereas youth who lived in conventional housing and who had high grades reported lower alcohol involvement. Study findings are discussed in terms of their implications for developing effective drug prevention approaches that target urban youth who reside in public housing developments. 38 references, 3 tables, and 1 figure
Main Term(s): Juvenile drug use
Index Term(s): Black/African Americans; Comparative analysis; Drug prevention programs; Drug research; Hispanic Americans; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile delinquency research; Juvenile drug abusers; Minorities; Minority juvenile offenders; New York; Public housing; Underage Drinking; Urban area studies; Urban criminality
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=174416

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