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NCJ Number: 178855 Find in a Library
Title: Prediction of Recidivism Among "Second Timers" in the Juvenile Justice System: Efficiency in Screening Chronic Offenders
Journal: American Journal of Criminal Justice  Volume:23  Issue:2  Dated:Spring 1999  Pages:201-222
Author(s): William R. Smith; Michael F. Aloisi
Date Published: 1999
Page Count: 22
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study found that both prospective and retrospective risk instruments predicted chronic delinquent behavior well for a sample of 298 second-time juvenile offenders.
Abstract: The sample consisted of all juveniles who were brought to family court for a second time on delinquency charges in two urban New Jersey counties between September 1993 and April 1994. The following 12 items were used to form a prospective risk instrument: early age of court docketing, lack of parental supervision, criminality in the family, parental alcohol/drug use, poor school performance, school behavior problems, negative peer influence, neurological dysfunction, past physical abuse, lack of impulse control, substance abuse, and early onset of behavior problems. A seven-item "retrospective" risk instrument was developed by using recidivism data. The instrument is retrospective in the sense that recidivism criteria (over an 18- month period) were known and used as dependent variables in the regression analysis that "predicted" recidivism that had already occurred. The findings show that the vast majority of all chronic offenders can be identified by screening second-time offenders with a risk instrument. The authors recommend that such risk instruments be used to focus benign intervention on high-risk, second-time juvenile offenders. 4 tables, 3 figures, and 49 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile recidivists
Index Term(s): Criminal career patterns; Diagnostic and reception processing; Recidivism prediction
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