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NCJ Number: 181359 Find in a Library
Title: Reforming Juvenile Justice: Reasons and Strategies for the 21st Century (With Student Guide)
Editor(s): Dan Macallair; Vincent Schiraldi
Date Published: 1998
Page Count: 313
Sponsoring Agency: Kendall/ Hunt Publishing Co
Dubuque, IA 52004
Publication Number: ISBN 0-7872-4551-8
Sale Source: Kendall/ Hunt Publishing Co
4050 Westmark Drive
P.O. Box 1840
Dubuque, IA 52004
United States of America
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Book (Softbound)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: These 2 volumes present reprints of 16 papers that examine the juvenile justice system and how juvenile justice reform can be effectively promoted and achieved and provide a student guide containing multiple-choice questions, short-answer questions, and other exercises to test the student's knowledge of the topics and issues.
Abstract: The preface notes that the elimination of the longstanding institution-based system is the most important goal for the next century and cautions that prevailing routines and agendas will quickly thwart reform efforts that are premised on leaving the existing system intact. The first five readings provide a historical critique of the juvenile justice system, examine the system's inherent contractions, describe the political factors that have perpetuated the system, and explore the need to reaffirm rehabilitation as the system's underlying philosophy. They also present findings of a poll that reveals that the public supports policies emphasizing prevention and intervention over incarceration. The next section examines juvenile delinquency rates and patterns, including the offending patterns of serious violent offenders and on data on the concentration of juvenile homicides in a few cities and States. The next three chapters explore the current status of juvenile correctional institutions and note that juvenile correctional systems usually mirror the violence and brutality of the adult correctional system and that sex discrimination exists in the handling of juvenile offenders. The final five papers examine the closing of the Massachusetts training schools as an example of the process and lessons of the most sweeping juvenile correctional reform ever, and present the experiences and insights of noted reform experts regarding strategies and rationales for downsizing institutional systems and reallocating resources to a range of quality interventions. Figures, tables, and chapter notes and reference lists
Main Term(s): Juvenile justice reform
Index Term(s): Change management; Community-based corrections (juvenile); Correctional institutions (juvenile); History of juvenile justice; Juvenile correctional facilities; Juvenile correctional reform; Juvenile Corrections/Detention; Juvenile Corrections/Detention effectiveness; Juvenile crime patterns; Juvenile delinquency prevention; Juvenile detention; Juvenile justice policies; Juvenile rehabilitation; Juvenile sentencing; Juvenile shelter care; Political influences; Public Opinion of Juveniles; Violent juvenile offenders
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