skip navigation


Abstract Database

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

To download this abstract, check the box next to the NCJ number then click the "Back To Search Results" link. Then, click the "Download" button on the Search Results page. Also see the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 181781 Find in a Library
Title: Boot Camps and Traditional Correctional Facilities for Juveniles: A Comparison of the Participants Daily Activities and Environments
Journal: Journal of Criminal Justice  Volume:28  Issue:1  Dated:January-February 2000  Pages:53-68
Author(s): Angela R. Gover; Doris Layton MacKenzie; Gaylene J. Styve
Date Published: 2000
Page Count: 16
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A national comparison of 27 shock incarceration program and 22 traditional juvenile correctional facilities collected information from surveys of administrators and data from institutional files.
Abstract: The data collection took place during site visits conducted between April 1997 and August 1998. The boot camp programs were developed between 1988 and 1997; most of the comparison facilities were developed between 1885 and 1995. The overall capacity range was 24-250 juveniles for boot camps and 28-500 for traditional facilities. The juveniles in the boot camps had less serious offending histories than did those in traditional facilities. Boot camp settings were more structured than the traditional facilities. Most boot camps incorporated components of military basic training. Differences also existed in the use of summary punishments and certain other matters, but few differences existed in therapeutic activities. In general, boot camp juveniles had more activities, but the comparison facilities had more educators and other staff for each juvenile. Juveniles in traditional facilities also had more community contacts. Few institutions had access to any outcome information telling them how and what the juveniles did after release. Findings suggested that boot camps would not be expected to be any more effective than traditional facilities in reducing recidivism. In fact, many findings suggested that the comparison facilities may be more successful than boot camps due to their higher staff levels and lower level of structure, both of which would make possible more individualized attention. Tables, figures, and 46 references (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Juvenile Corrections/Detention effectiveness
Index Term(s): Inmate staff relations; Juvenile correctional facilities; Juvenile correctional programs; Juvenile correctional reform; Juvenile justice policies; Recidivism; Shock incarceration programs; Youthful offenders
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.