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NCJ Number: 183563 Find in a Library
Title: Multiple Contingency Table Analysis of the Deviance Syndrome: How Much Overlap Is There?
Journal: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse  Volume:9  Issue:2  Dated:1999  Pages:39-56
Author(s): Robert Flynn Corwyn; Brent B. Benda
Date Published: 1999
Page Count: 18
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Data from 1,621 adolescents who attended grades 7-11 in 13 schools in a southern metropolitan school district formed the basis of an analysis of the extent of the overlap among individuals who smoke cigarettes, become drunk on alcohol, use marijuana, and have sexual intercourse.
Abstract: The research also examined the extent of the overlap in these behaviors according to age, gender, race, and family structure. The study used log-linear statistics to examine multiple contingency tables for all possible main effects and interactions while selecting the most parsimonious model that minimized the differences between observed cell counts and expected values while assuming no relationships (null hypothesis). Results revealed statistically significant relationships between heavy alcohol use, the use of marijuana, and sexual activity, but most teenagers did not engage in all four behaviors. In addition, all demographic factors entered into interactions with these behaviors. Findings indicated that the construct of the deviance syndrome has qualified utility and needs refinement with inclusion of demographic characteristics. Findings also indicated the need for further research that includes characteristics such as parental income and education, property offenses, and crimes against persons. Tables and 46 references (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors
Index Term(s): Adolescent attitudes; Deviance; Juvenile drug use; Risk taking behavior; Sexual behavior; Tobacco use; Underage Drinking
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