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NCJ Number: 183614 Find in a Library
Title: Substance Abuse and Race in a Delinquent Population (From System in Black and White: Exploring the Connections Between Race, Crime, and Justice, P 241-265, 2000, Michael W. Markowitz and Delores D. Jones-Brown, eds. -- See NCJ-183600)
Author(s): Philip W. Harris; Peter R. Jones; Jamie J. Fader
Date Published: 2000
Page Count: 25
Sponsoring Agency: Praeger Publishers
Westport, CT 06881
Sale Source: Praeger Publishers
88 Post Road West
Westport, CT 06881
United States of America
Type: Collected Work
Format: Book (Hardbound)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study investigated the interaction between race and adolescent substance abuse by analyzing a variety of factors demonstrated by past research to be predictors of drug and alcohol abuse.
Abstract: Unlike most studies on the topic, the study focused on a sample of delinquent youth who resided in the Philadelphia metropolitan area. The study aim was to develop knowledge that could be translated into recommendations for program design within a juvenile justice system. The study sample included 7,806 delinquency cases committed by Philadelphia's Family Court to any program between 1994 and 1996 and excluded only youth who were committed to ordinary probation. Because self-report data were missing on a large proportion of the sample, only 3,980 delinquency cases were analyzed. Drug abuse levels by black youth were substantially lower than those of white and Hispanic youth. Risk factors were more powerful than protective factors in predicting drug abuse among delinquent youth. Among delinquent youth, school commitment was the strongest protective factor, followed by intimacy and communication for the low school commitment group and self-esteem for youth whose school commitment scores were high. Of potential risk factors, father's drug abuse, mother's alcohol abuse, history of family violence, and prior referral for abuse or neglect were the strongest predictors of drug abuse. Racial differences existed in the manner in which protective and risk factors were associated with juvenile drug abuse. Implications of the findings for further research are discussed. 40 references, 10 notes, 3 tables, and 5 figures
Main Term(s): Juvenile drug abusers
Index Term(s): Black/African Americans; Black/White Crime Comparisons; Caucasian/White Americans; Drug research; Hispanic Americans; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile delinquency prediction; Juvenile delinquency research; Juvenile delinquents; Juvenile drug use; Juvenile offenders; Minority juvenile offenders; Pennsylvania; Race-crime relationships; Urban area studies; Urban criminality
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