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NCJ Number: 184200 Find in a Library
Title: Attitudes Toward Crime, Police, and the Law: Individual and Neighborhood Differences
Series: NIJ Research Preview
Author(s): Robert J. Sampson Ph.D.; Dawn J. Bartusch Ph.D.
Date Published: June 1999
Page Count: 2
Sponsoring Agency: Gang Intelligence Strategy Committee

John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation
Chicago, IL 60603
National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
National Institute of Mental Health
Bethesda, MD 20852
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Grant Number: 93-IJ-CX-K005
Publication Number: FS 000240
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF|Text
Type: Survey
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: An ongoing research effort sponsored in part by the National Institute of Justice, the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN), is designed to examine human development in the neighborhood context, specifically racial and ethnic differences in attitudes toward social deviance, the police, and the law in 343 urban neighborhoods in Chicago.
Abstract: The PHDCN is being conducted through intensive interviews with about 6,000 children and their primary caregivers over an 8-year period. Of particular interest is how neighborhood characteristics influence behavior, including potential delinquency, substance abuse, and violence. In focusing on attitudes toward violence, the law, and the police, face-to-face interviews were conducted in 1995 with 8,782 residents. When asked their opinions on smoking, alcohol consumption, and marijuana use by 13-year-olds, Chicago residents indicated they were rather intolerant of such behavior. Broken down by racial and ethnic groups, resident responses dispelled common stereotypes about the link between attitudes and socio-demographics. Blacks and Latinos were significantly less tolerant of deviance than whites. Racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic groups also differed substantially in their beliefs about the legitimacy of the law. Higher proportions of blacks and Latinos than whites viewed legal norms as not binding. Resident attitudes about the police were similar to those about the law. It was determined resident estrangement from the police was better explained by neighborhood context than by race. The authors recommend community social norms be considered by policymakers and criminal justice system officials in the design of effective crime control strategies. 1 note
Main Term(s): Public Opinion of the Police
Index Term(s): Black/African Americans; Black/White Attitude Comparisons; Caucasian/White Americans; Criminal justice research; Drug abuse; Hispanic Americans; Illinois; Juvenile drug abusers; Juvenile drug use; Marijuana; NIJ grant-related documents; Police community relations; Public Opinion of Crime; Social conditions; Tobacco use; Underage Drinking; Urban area studies; Urban criminality; Violent juvenile offenders
Note: Dataset may be archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
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