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NCJ Number: 187082 Find in a Library
Title: Estimation of Heroin Availability, 1995-1998
Author(s): Patrick Johnston; William Rhodes; Kyla Carrigan
Corporate Author: Abt Associates, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: December 2000
Page Count: 28
Sponsoring Agency: Abt Associates, Inc
Cambridge, MA 02138
Drug Policy Information Clearinghouse
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Office of National Drug Control Policy
Washington, DC 20500
Contract Number: 282-98-0006
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Drug Policy Information Clearinghouse
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Statistics
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report estimated heroin availability in the United States from 1995 through 1998, based on a model of the movement of heroin into the United States.
Abstract: The heroin model used developed a consumption-based estimate of the amount of heroin that was produced in South America and Mexico. After accounting for seizures, U.S. consumption of South American heroin should approximately equal South American production. Likewise, U.S. consumption of Mexican heroin should be approximately equal to Mexican production. Only a small proportion of Asian heroin is consumed in the United States, so there is no practical way to equate U.S. consumption of Asian heroin to Southeast and Southwest heroin production. Based on this model, on a yearly basis Americans consumed about 12.3 metric tons of heroin between 1995 and 1998. Fifty percent came from Colombia, and 25 percent came from Mexico. Seizures accounted for 0.75 metric tons from Colombia, so Colombia would need to produce about 6.9 metric tons to satisfy the U.S. market. Only about 0.3 metric tons are seized from Mexico, so Mexico needed to produce about 3.4 metric tons to meet U.S. demand. The best estimate of the model was that approximately 12 to 13 metric tons of heroin were used in the United States during a given year; this level of use has not changed appreciably during the last several years. The fact that the consumption-based estimates were so close to the supply-based estimates was compelling but not convincing evidence that the heroin flow model provided an accurate profile of how much heroin entered the United States, how it got here, and from where it came. 5 figures, 8 tables, and appended analysis to determine seizures at U.S. entry points
Main Term(s): Drug use
Index Term(s): Colombia; Drug smuggling; Heroin; Mexico; Models
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