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NCJ Number: 188766 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Pilot Intervention to Increase Parent-Child Communication About Alcohol Avoidance
Journal: Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education  Volume:45  Issue:2  Dated:Winter, 2000  Pages:59-70
Author(s): Joan M. Carlson; Michele J. Moore; Deborah M. Pappas; Chudley E. Werch; Graham F. Watts; Patricia A. Edgemon
Date Published: 2000
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: US Dept of Health and Human Services
Rockville, MD 20892-9304
Grant Number: AA9283
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined whether a series of postcards that addressed specific alcohol risk and protective factors, sent to the parents/guardians of preadolescents in two different school settings, influenced parent-child communication regarding alcohol use.
Abstract: Subjects included parents of participating sixth grade students attending one neighborhood and one magnet inner-city school. Participating students were randomly assigned to the intervention or control group. Baseline data were collected from students, enabling the intervention to be tailored to students’ individual needs. Parents of students assigned to the intervention were mailed up to ten prevention postcards over five weeks. Parents completed a ten-item telephone survey eight weeks after implementation of the prevention postcards. The overall parent response rate was 74 percent. Results indicated that postcards increased parent-child communication regarding alcohol use, but that these effects differed by school setting and race. Although significant effects were found for the intervention group, further analysis revealed that effects were found only for white parents at the magnet school. However, black parents/guardians and neighborhood parents/guardians appear to have been more likely to already be talking to their child about alcohol. These differences in parent-child communication about alcohol may be because parents/guardians are less aware of the probability or severity of the consequences of alcohol abuse in their neighborhood, or lack confidence in their ability to influence their children’s drinking. Further research should examine: whether parent-child communication about preventing alcohol use differs across inner-city school settings, and if so, why; the effect of ethnicity in influencing parent-child communication about alcohol and drug prevention at home; the role school setting and ethnicity play in the efficacy of home-based interventions to enhance family prevention communication; and the effect of this type of intervention on parents/guardians of students of various grade levels. 1 table, 26 references.
Main Term(s): Alcohol abuse prevention; Parent-Child Relations; Underage Drinking
Index Term(s): Family intervention programs; Juvenile delinquency research; Juvenile delinquent family relations; Juvenile justice research; Juvenile offenders; Juvenile program evaluation
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