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NCJ Number: 192965 Find in a Library
Title: Gangs: Status, Characteristics, Community and Police Responses, and Policy Implications (From Visions for Change: Crime and Justice in the Twenty-First Century, Third Edition, P 52-68, 2002, Roslyn Muraskin and Albert R. Roberts, eds. -- See NCJ-192962)
Author(s): Kenneth J. Peak Ph.D.
Date Published: 2002
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: Prentice Hall Publishing
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
Sale Source: Prentice Hall Publishing
Criminal Justice and Police Training
1 Lake Street
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
United States of America
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Book (Softbound)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: In an overview of gangs, this chapter discusses their origins, composition, and characteristics; financial aspects; community response (programs and enforcement strategies); a typology of gang intervention strategies; how the problem is being addressed by community policing and problemsolving; and policy implications.
Abstract: The discussion of gang origins, composition, and characteristics addresses early formation and research; contemporary status and types of gangs; graffiti and hand signals; girls in gangs; and revenues and expenditures. An overview of responses to gangs outlines components of community strategies. They may involve fundamental changes in the way that schools operate; job skills development for youths and young adults, accompanied by improvements in the labor market; assistance to families; changes in the way the criminal justice system responds generally to problems, specifically gang problems; and intervention and control of known gang members. A typology of gang prevention encompasses suppression, social intervention, organizational change, community mobilization, and social opportunities. Related suppression and intervention techniques are reviewed. Case studies from Boston, MA, and San Mateo, CA, illustrate how community-oriented policing and problem solving can counter gangs. 52 references
Main Term(s): Gangs
Index Term(s): California; Community policing; Female gangs; Gang Prevention; Gang violence; Graffiti; Juvenile gang behavior patterns; Massachusetts
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