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NCJ Number: 193025 Find in a Library
Title: Recommendations for Juvenile Justice Reform
Corporate Author: American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
United States of America
Date Published: 2001
Page Count: 73
Sponsoring Agency: American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Washington, DC 20016
Sale Source: American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
3615 Wisconsin Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20016
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This monograph aims to provide community leaders, policymakers, community agencies, government agencies, legislators, service providers, professional organizations, and child advocates with an overview of areas in juvenile justice that require reform and specific recommendations for reform.
Abstract: The recommendations came from a task force established by the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry in 1999. The task force analysis and recommendations focused on forensic evaluations, competency to stand trial, standards for juvenile detention and confinement facilities, health care in the juvenile justice system, females in the juvenile justice system, and disproportionate minority confinement. It also examined and made recommendations on seclusion and restraint standards in juvenile corrections, meeting the educational needs of youth in juvenile justice facilities, juvenile court waiver, juvenile sex offenders, juvenile capital punishment, drug courts, mental health courts, peer courts, and model programs. The analysis noted that 500,000 youths under age 18 are admitted to local juvenile detention facilities annually, and over 65,000 juveniles are admitted to longterm juvenile correctional facilities. Problems include the risk of assault and suicide, lack of mental health screening, minority overrepresentation at all stages of the juvenile justice system, inadequate attention to specific problems of female juvenile offenders. Recommended actions include increased involvement of mental health professionals at each stage of juvenile processing, national standards for competency to stand trial based on a developmental framework, juvenile detainees’ full access to medically indicated assessment and treatment, guidelines to eliminate racial disparities in confinement, national policies on the use of seclusion and restraint on youths, and increased funding related to alternatives to adjudication. Chapter reference lists (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Juvenile justice reform
Index Term(s): Juvenile correctional reform; Juvenile court reform; Juvenile detention reform; Juvenile justice policies; Juvenile processing; Juvenile psychological evaluation; Juvenile rehabilitation
Note: Downloaded January 30, 2002
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