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NCJ Number: 193394 Find in a Library
Title: Victimization and PTSD in a Danish National Youth Probability Sample
Journal: Journal of American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry  Volume:41  Issue:2  Dated:February 2002  Pages:174-181
Author(s): Ask Elklit
Date Published: February 2002
Page Count: 8
Publisher: http://www.jaacap.com 
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This Danish study provides epidemiological information about exposure to traumatic events and life events together with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a national study.
Abstract: The goals were to examine the relationship among the experiences of trauma, life events, sociodemographic variables, and PTSD; to estimate the lifetime prevalence of traumatic events, life events, and PTSD, overall and by gender; and to assess the subjective distress of a number of traumatic events and life events. In a national representative sample of 390 eighth grade students with a mean age of 14.5 years, 20 prevalent potential traumatizing and distressing events were described, along with the psychological impact of these events. This study revealed a larger number of traumatic and life events, including the family sphere, experienced by adolescents. Eighty-seven percent of the females and 78 percent of the males were exposed to at least one event. The most common events were the death of a family member, threat of violence, or serious accidents. The estimated lifetime prevalence of PTSD was 9 percent, whereas another 14 percent reached a subclinical level of PTSD. Being exposed to multiple traumatic events was associated with an increase in PTSD. Males seemed to be victimized in outside activities more often than females, while females seemed to be victimized more often in family-related events and by self-inflicted events (suicide attempts). There was no significant difference between the sexes regarding divorce, but females reported the absence of a parent almost four times more than males did. Results indicate that adolescence is a risk period during which there is considerable exposure to stressful events. Most studies of adolescents’ relation to trauma have focused on violence, but there seems to be ample evidence that events in addition to violence are important determinants of traumatization. 3 tables, 31 references
Main Term(s): Post-trauma stress disorder; Psychological research
Index Term(s): Behavior under stress; Critical incident stress; Emotional disorders; Juvenile victims; Mental disorders; Stress management
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=193394

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