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NCJ Number: 194453 Find in a Library
Title: Two Solitudes or Just One? -- Provincial Differences in Youth Court Judges and the Operation of Youth Courts
Journal: Canadian Journal of Criminology  Volume:44  Issue:2  Dated:April 2002  Pages:165-180
Author(s): Jane B. Sprott; Anthony N. Doob
Date Published: April 2002
Page Count: 16
Sponsoring Agency: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada
Ottawa, ON K1P 6G4, Canada
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: This article examines provincial differences in youth court judges and the operation of youth courts in Canada.
Abstract: Quebec has a different approach to youth justice from that in the rest of Canada; the greatest difference appears to be in the rate of bringing cases into youth court. The article suggests that differences between Quebec and the rest of Canada are accounted for by the perceived adequacy of the administration of the Young Offenders Act and not by more basic differences in the penal philosophies of the two sets of judges. The article concludes that broad social policies having to do with support for children and policies having to do with institutions such as schools would be much more important in terms of their impact on crime than youth justice policies. Finally, if other provinces are interested in creating a youth justice system modeled on the Quebec system, the principles in the Youth Criminal Justice Act such as limiting the use of court and providing adequate community sanctions would be a good start. Figures, tables, notes, references
Main Term(s): Juveniles
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Community involvement; Foreign courts; Foreign juvenile justice systems; Foreign sentencing; Judges; Juvenile sentencing; Laws and Statutes; Sentencing/Sanctions
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