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NCJ Number: 194476 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Children's Trauma and Adjustment Reactions to Violent and Nonviolent War Experiences
Journal: Child & Adolescent Psychiatry  Volume:41  Issue:4  Dated:April 2002  Pages:450-457
Author(s): Maureen A. Allwood M.A.; Debora Bell-Dolan Ph.D.; Syed A. Husain M.S.
Date Published: April 2002
Page Count: 8
Sponsoring Agency: National Ctr on Minority Health and Health Disparities
Bethesda, MD 20892-5465
National Science Foundation
Arlington, VA 22230
Grant Number: 95-RC-071-ER; RR-07053; NSF CMS 9411866
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the relationship of violent and nonviolent war experiences to children's trauma reactions and adjustment.
Abstract: Participants in this study were 791 children (402 girls, 389 boys) from 10 schools within 1 school district in Sarajevo, Bosnia. This is one of the few studies to examine children's posttraumatic stress reactions and adjustment while in the midst of war. Another unique aspect of this study was the examination of children's reactions to cumulative trauma, as well as to two conceptually different types of trauma: violent and nonviolent. Findings reflect a pattern of differential exposure by age. Older children were more likely than younger children to be exposed to violence and to have relatives and friends who were killed during the war. Older children were not more likely to self-report trauma symptoms, perhaps reflecting a pattern of symptom denial for older children or a pattern of high distress among younger children even at lower levels of trauma exposure. Sex differences were largely nonsignificant. Tables, references
Main Term(s): Juveniles
Index Term(s): Behavior under stress; Child victims; Denial; Juvenile victims; Nonviolent behavior; Post-trauma stress disorder (PTSD); Victims of violent crime; Violence; Yugoslavia
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