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NCJ Number: 194924 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Defining Police Strategies: Problem Solving, Problem-Oriented Policing and Community-Oriented Policing (From Problem-Oriented Policing: Crime-Specific Problems Critical Issues and Making POP Work, P 315-329, 1998, T. O'Connor Shelley and A.C. Grant, eds.)
Author(s): Ronald V. Clarke Ph.D.
Date Published: 1998
Page Count: 15
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
Police Executive Research Forum (PERF)
Washington, DC 20036
Grant Number: 95-IJ-CX-0021
Sale Source: Police Executive Research Forum (PERF)
1120 Connecticut Avenue, NW
Suite 930
Washington, DC 20036
United States of America
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Format: Book (Softbound)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper uses the four stages of the SARA (scanning, analysis, response, and assessment) model of problem-solving to identify ways in which the current practice falls short and offer recommendations for how it might be used appropriately.
Abstract: During the scanning stage, officers often fail to specify the problems they are addressing. Either they undertake a project that is too small to fit the definition of problem-oriented policing but that satisfies the criteria for problem-solving; or they address a problem with a response that is too ambitious and broad in its objectives and that more closely relates to the definition of community-oriented policing. Officers who are using the SARA model of problem-oriented policing often skip the "analysis" phase or conduct an analysis that is too rudimentary. Often the "responses" in current problem-oriented policing projects are variations of conventional police practices (e.g., crackdowns, surveillance, and arrests). "Assessment" is one of the most crucial yet underused parts of problem-oriented policing projects. Assessment is the key to facilitating an active exchange of experiences among different departments. The most important requirement for improving problem-oriented policing is for police departments to improve their research and analysis units. The second most important requirement is for officers involved in problem-oriented policing to become more familiar with the field of environmental criminology, particularly the work on situational crime prevention. 1 table, a 14-item bibliography
Main Term(s): Community policing
Index Term(s): Crime analysis; NIJ final report; Police management; Problem-Oriented Policing
Note: Dataset may be archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
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