skip navigation


Abstract Database

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

To download this abstract, check the box next to the NCJ number then click the "Back To Search Results" link. Then, click the "Download" button on the Search Results page. Also see the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 195548 Find in a Library
Title: Protective Functions of Family Relationships and School Factors on the Deviant Behavior of Adolescent Boys and Girls: Reducing the Impact of Risky Friendships
Journal: Youth & Society  Volume:33  Issue:4  Dated:June 2002  Pages:515-544
Author(s): Robert Crosnoe; Kristan G. Erickson; Sanford M. Dornbusch
Date Published: June 2002
Page Count: 30
Sponsoring Agency: Stanford Ctr on Adolescence
Stanford, CA 94305
William T. Grant Foundation
New York, NY 10022
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study focused on gender differences in risk and protective factors on adolescent deviant behavior.
Abstract: Five types of problem behavior were investigated for adolescent boys and girls: delinquency and the use of tobacco, alcohol, marijuana, and other illegal drugs. The relations between risk, protection, and each form of adolescent deviance were examined over a 1 year period. Survey data were collected in nine high schools in California and Wisconsin from the fall of 1987 through the spring of 1990. Two questionnaires per school year were given to students. Approximately 80 percent of the students in each school participated. Results showed that, contrary to expectations, the gender groups did not differ markedly in their level of risk. Boys had more delinquent friends, but the friendship groups of boys and girls did not differ significantly in the use of tobacco, alcohol, marijuana, or other drugs. As expected, boys and girls differed in their levels of protection and deviance. Adolescents who had positive relations with parents and teachers and who had strong commitments to achievement generally exhibited fewer behavioral problems. In general, school factors were consistently more protective among boys and girls than were family factors. Family factors had few consistent effects on adolescent friendships and behavior, and occasionally increased adolescent vulnerability to negative friendship environments. The use of a longitudinal design and the use of actual reports by friends increase confidence in the conclusion that various individual and interpersonal factors related to the family and the school can reduce deviance and the influence of deviant friends for both adolescent boys and girls. 3 figures, 4 tables, 66 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors; Male female juvenile offender comparisons
Index Term(s): Environmental influences; Juvenile delinquency research; Juvenile drug use; Juvenile educational background; Juvenile offender attitudes; Parental attitudes
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.