skip navigation


Abstract Database

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

To download this abstract, check the box next to the NCJ number then click the "Back To Search Results" link. Then, click the "Download" button on the Search Results page. Also see the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 195566 Find in a Library
Title: Trafficking in Children for Sexual Purposes: An Analytical Review
Corporate Author: ECPAT International Resource Ctr
Date Published: 2001
Page Count: 19
Sponsoring Agency: ECPAT International Resource Ctr
Ratchathewi Bangkok 10400, Thailand
Sale Source: ECPAT International Resource Ctr
328 Phayathai Road
Ratchathewi Bangkok 10400,
Document: PDF
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: Thailand
Annotation: This document identifies gaps in anti-trafficking strategies and interventions for commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC).
Abstract: Since 1996, the exploitation of children in prostitution and pornography, and the sale of children’s sexual services to local clients, men and women traveling with the intent of abusing children, and across borders to people in other countries seeking children for sex have been the focus of much study and action. Trafficking comprises a series of acts, not all of which may be illegal in other circumstances. It involves the movement of a child from his/her normal location to a new location, and the exploitation of that child at some stage in the process. It is the combination of movement and exploitation that characterizes trafficking, no matter when the exploitation itself takes place. Trafficking is described according to the “push” factors that lead to the child or adult leaving one place, and the “pull” factors that decide the place to which the trafficking victims move or are moved. Push factors include poverty, family break-up, violence, low education levels, or discrimination. Pull factors include economic differentials that make even poor neighboring cities, regions, or countries seem a likely source of livelihood, unmet demand for cheap and malleable labor, demand for sexual services linked to tourism development, or shifts in the supply of local women in the sex sector. Combating trafficking requires multidisciplinary cooperation at regional, national, and international levels, based on an understanding of the players and mechanisms involved in each particular trafficking situation, and on the relative strengths of each party acting against it. It is estimated that between one and two million people are trafficked each year worldwide, 50,000 of these into the United States. In the last 30 years, trafficking in women and children for sexual exploitation in Asia alone has victimized more than 30 million people. Few statistics on trafficking victims are available on the ages of the victims. The absence of data, the complexity of the issue, the lack of child-friendly or rights-based judicial procedures, and the difficulty of reintegration at the family and community levels remain hurdles to anti-trafficking intervention. 29 footnotes
Main Term(s): Child Sexual Abuse; Smuggling/Trafficking
Index Term(s): Crimes against children; Immigration offenses; Juvenile prostitution; Organized crime; Prostitution across international borders; Tourism-crime relationships
Note: Downloaded June 26, 2002
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.