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NCJ Number: 198657 Find in a Library
Title: Reducing the Criminal Activities of Known Offenders and Delinquents: Crime Prevention in the Courts and Corrections (From Evidence-Based Crime Prevention, P 330-404, 2002, Lawrence W. Sherman, David P. Farrington, et al, eds., -- See NCJ–198648)
Author(s): Doris Layton MacKenzie
Date Published: 2002
Page Count: 75
Sponsoring Agency: Routledge
New York, NY 10017
Sale Source: Routledge
711 Third Ave.
New York, NY 10017
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Book (Hardbound)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This chapter focuses on crime prevention and reduction strategies within the corrections and courts systems.
Abstract: After claiming that past behavior is the best predictor of future behavior, the author argues that preventing known criminal offenders from continuing criminal behaviors is an effective strategy in crime prevention approaches. Highlighting six different court and corrections crime prevention intervention strategies, the author describes incapacitation or depriving the offender of the capacity to commit crimes; deterrence or punishment; community restraint and surveillance; structure, discipline, and challenge programs; rehabilitation; and combined rehabilitation and restraint programs. Focusing on crime prevention strategies aimed at reducing crime among juvenile offenders, the author discusses treatment programs for juveniles, juvenile residential programs, and community supervision and aftercare for juveniles. Addressing various court and corrections ordered education and work programs for adult offenders, the author details adult basic education, vocational education, correctional industries, and other work programs designed to prevent recidivism. Arguing that cognitive skills programs comprise a number of different approaches designed to change offenders’ behaviors by changing the dysfunctional ways that individuals think, the author describes moral reconation therapy as well as reasoning and rehabilitation programs. The author also discusses crime prevention strategies specifically directed at sexual and drug-involved offenders as well as anger and stress management, victim awareness, and life skills training programs. The author maintains that rehabilitation programs, prison-based therapeutic community treatments, and vocational educational programs are particularly effective at combating recidivism within various offender populations. Tables, references
Main Term(s): Crime prevention measures; Crime prevention planning
Index Term(s): Adult offenders; Correctional facilities; Corrections; Courts; Drug offenders; Juvenile correctional programs; Juvenile courts; Juvenile offenders; Sex offender treatment; Sex offenders
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