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NCJ Number: 204320 Find in a Library
Title: Addressing the Gender-Specific Needs of Girls: An Evaluation of San Diego's WINGS Program -- Board of Corrections Final Report
Author(s): Cynthia Burke Ph.D.; Sandy Keaton; Susan Pennell
Corporate Author: San Diego Assoc of Governments (SANDAG)
United States of America
Date Published: September 2003
Page Count: 150
Sponsoring Agency: San Diego Assoc of Governments (SANDAG)
San Diego, CA 92101
Sale Source: San Diego Assoc of Governments (SANDAG)
401 B Street
Suite 800
San Diego, CA 92101
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Description
Format: Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This document provides an evaluation of the WINGS program, or Working to Insure and Nurture Girls’ Success.
Abstract: The primary goal of WINGS was to reduce the number of girls entering or continuing in the juvenile justice system by supporting and empowering them and their families to access and receive appropriate services. Using a classic experimental design, this assessment tracked the girls’ progress in the program, documented the interventions, and determined outcomes, including recidivism. Between April and December 2000, 499 eligible girls were randomized to either participate in WINGS or to received treatment as usual and serve as the comparison group. Starting in January 2001, another 299 girls were randomized into a second sample. Results for the evaluation support the view that providing services that were family-focused, gender-responsive, center-based, and included home visits was beneficial to program participants. Clients represented a variety of ethnic groups and came to the program for different reasons, but shared a history of having experienced traumatic events in their lives. A number of factors were related to program completion, including having prosocial relationships, valuing fairness and honesty, and having constructive outlets. Clients in the second sample were more likely to become engaged and completed the program in a shorter amount of time, supporting the view that WINGS matured over time. Clients received a variety of services, including crisis intervention, girls’ group, life skills, conflict resolution, and health education. Impact evaluation findings showed that successful clients had significantly more protective factors and fewer risk factors at exit. While this change in resiliency was associated with positive changes in school engagement, it was not directly tied to lower recidivism rates. Recommendations for implementation in other counties include identifying local service gaps prior to program implementation so that the program is most effective in meeting regional needs; and securing flexible funding for all program components to ensure that the basic needs of clients can be met. 9 tables, 33 figures, 21 references
Main Term(s): Female juvenile delinquents; Juvenile delinquency prevention programs
Index Term(s): Adolescent females; Females; Gender issues; Juvenile delinquency prevention; Juvenile offenders; Male female offender comparisons
Note: Downloaded Febuary 24, 2004.
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