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NCJ Number: 204964 
Title: Social Context of Children's Aggression (From Girls and Aggression: Contributing Factors and Intervention Principles, P 57-73, 2004, Marlene M. Moretti, Candice L. Odgers, and Margaret A. Jackson, eds. -- See NCJ-204960)
Author(s): Tracy Vaillancourt; Shelley Hymel
Date Published: 2004
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: Kluwer Academic / Plenum Publishers
New York, NY 10013
Sale Source: Kluwer Academic / Plenum Publishers
233 Spring Street
New York, NY 10013
United States of America
Type: Literature Review; Report (Study/Research)
Format: Book Chapter
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This chapter reviews current concepts of aggression, with attention to how aggression varies by gender and development, followed by the authors' recommendation for a broader perspective on the role of social conditions in the emergence and reinforcement of aggressive behavior.
Abstract: The authors note that research on the influence of peers in the emergence and reinforcement of aggression has been weak. They advise that greater attention to the role of the peer group is important for understanding the nature of risk and protective factors for various types of aggression. The research to date shows that physical aggression is typical in the preschool years. It declines in subsequent years as verbal and social forms of aggression emerge and become stable with age; however, developmental trajectories within this broad pattern differ for boys and girls. Physical aggression is more prevalent in boys than in girls beginning in the elementary- school years and persisting throughout adolescence. Some research shows that boys are also more likely to use verbal aggression than girls; whereas, girls are more likely than boys to use social aggression (tactics of social exclusion and isolation against their targets of aggression). Within these broad age-related and gender-related patterns for various types of aggression, however, are the influences of individual characteristics, both biological and psychological; social influences (behaviors and attitudes of parents and peers); and broader societal and media influences. 106 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors
Index Term(s): Age group comparisons; Gender issues; Male female offender comparisons; Peer influences on behavior; Social conditions
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