skip navigation


Abstract Database

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

To download this abstract, check the box next to the NCJ number then click the "Back To Search Results" link. Then, click the "Download" button on the Search Results page. Also see the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 205416 Find in a Library
Title: International Response to Child Labor in the Developing World: Why are We Ineffective?
Journal: Georgetown Journal on Poverty Law & Policy  Volume:11  Issue:1  Dated:Winter 2004  Pages:87-113
Author(s): Bozena M. Celek
Date Published: 2004
Page Count: 27
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper examines the ineffectiveness of current systems that are attempting to alleviate child labor problems throughout the world and proposes an alternative.
Abstract: Approximately 250 million children between the ages of 5 and 14 are working in various countries around the world, mostly in the textile, sporting goods, and toy industries of the developing world. Of these children, approximately half work full time. These children receive low pay and are subjected to both physical and verbal abuse, as well as hazardous and unsanitary working conditions that are detrimental to their physical and emotional development. This paper argues that current prohibitions against child labor, both domestic and international, are not effective in stemming the problem. By leaving compliance to individual governments, the drafters of international conventions fail to restrain the immensely profitable actions of powerful industry owners, corrupt public officials, and owners of bonded laborers. The author recommends that child labor practices be treated as violations of universal human rights and customary international norms, such that they be criminalized and come under the jurisdiction of international tribunals such as the International Court of Justice. International laws, which will extend to all states and hold them liable for abusive child labor, must be enacted, and the international community must inform citizens about the protections provided. Victims of child labor and their advocates must be informed about and encouraged to access forums where violators will be tried and, if found guilty, be dealt sanctions appropriate to the harms done. Only by increasing the adverse consequences for perpetrators of abusive child labor practices will they be deterred from their practices. 223 notes
Main Term(s): Juvenile victims
Index Term(s): Child abuse; Child abuse prevention; Child abuse situation remedies; Crimes against children; Employee grievances; Employer-employee relations; Human rights violations; International law; Labor laws
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.