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NCJ Number: 205941 Find in a Library
Title: Nature and Outcome of Going Missing: The Challenge of Developing Effective Risk Assessment Procedures
Journal: International Journal of Police Science and Management  Volume:6  Issue:1  Dated:Spring 2004  Pages:16-26
Author(s): Roger Tarling; John Burrows
Editor(s): Ian K. McKenzie
Date Published: 2004
Page Count: 11
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study utilized a large cross-section of missing cases to describe the missing person population and aid the Metropolitan Police of London in the development of effective risk assessment procedures.
Abstract: The reasons why people go missing are both numerous and diverse. In most cases, people will leave on their own accord, sometimes to participate in illegal activities. The circumstances in which people return or are found can be equally diverse, such as suffering harm from violence or normal circumstances with no ill consequences. The Metropolitan Police of London have been developing guidance to front-line officers on how to respond to notifications of missing persons. This development included consideration in the application of a risk prediction score which could be used to prioritize cases and trigger the appropriate response. The purpose of this report commissioned by the Metropolitan Police was to first compile comprehensive descriptive information of the entire missing person population, both who and the outcomes, and secondly, based on this information inform the development of risk prediction procedures. The study consisted of a cross-section of 1,000 representative cases. The cases revealed a variety of situations, backgrounds, and outcomes. It was concluded that given the inevitable limitations of any risk prediction score, the police will always be required to exercise a good deal of professional judgment in missing persons cases, although informed by any available and usable empirical evidence on the risks of different outcomes. The Association of Chief Police Officers issued guidance to strengthen officers’ professional judgment in dealing with missing person cases. References
Main Term(s): Missing person investigation
Index Term(s): Dangerousness; England; Investigative techniques; Missing children; Police casework; Police policies and procedures; United Kingdom (UK)
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