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NCJ Number: 207649 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Relationship Between Gang Membership and Inmate Recidivism
Author(s): David E. Olson Ph.D.; Brendan Dooley M.A.; Candice M. Kane Ph.D.
Corporate Author: Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority
United States of America
Date Published: May 2004
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority
Chicago, IL 60606
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 95-JD-MU-K001
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority
300 West Adams Street
Suite 200
Chicago, IL 60606
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report provides an overview of the findings from a study that examined the rates and patterns of rearrest and reincarceration among gang members released from Illinois prisons in November 2000 (n=2,534 inmates).
Abstract: The information on the inmates obtained from the Illinois Department of Corrections included demographic characteristics, marital and educational status, history of drug use, conviction offense, institutional data, and whether the inmate was considered to be an active gang member. Just over 26 percent of the sample were identified as current/active gang members. The Illinois State Police provided information on each inmate's criminal history, including arrests prior to and after their incarceration. Data were obtained on any arrests between an inmate's release data in November 2000 and January 2003. By the end of this period, 75 percent of the gang members had been rearrested for a new offense, compared with 63 percent of the nongang members. Gang members tended to be rearrested sooner after release than the nongang members. Fifty-five percent of the gang members were readmitted to prison within the follow-up period, compared to 46 percent of the nongang members. Most of the gang members were returned to prison for a new offense rather than a technical violation of parole. Gang membership continued to have an effect on recidivism when other risk factors were controlled. Recidivism was most likely to be associated with drug-related and violent offenses. One strategy for addressing this situation is to increase the focus of parole and law enforcement resources on gang members just released from prison. 1 table, 3 figures, and 34 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile/Youth Gangs
Index Term(s): Comparative analysis; Gang violence; Gangs; Illinois; OJJDP grant-related documents; Recidivism; Recidivism statistics
Note: Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority Research Bulletin, Vol. 2, No. 12, May 2004.
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